## Summary and examples

An example of a linear equation is:

and the question is to calculate the value of that makes the equation an identity. We call this solving the equation.

To solve this equation, we proceed as follows.

1. First, we remove the parentheses:

2. Then, in the left- and right-hand side we gather the ‘s and constants:

3. Now we bring the ‘s to the left-hand side and the constants to the right-hand side:

resulting in:

4. We divide both sides of the equation by the coefficient of , in this case by . Then we get:

which is the solution of the equation.

It is possible that this procedure leads to an equation of the form:

Then there are two possibilities.

1.

In this case no value of can satisfy the equation. The left-hand side always equals , while the right-hand side is not equal to . The equation has no solution.

2.

Now we have the equation:

and any value of satisfies the equation.

##### Example 1

Solve:

We can write this equation as:

so:

and thus:

##### Example 2

We can write this equation as:

or:

or:

and thus:

Note that at first sight the equation seems a quadratic equation. However, the squares of disappear, with a linear equation as a result.

##### Example 3

Solve:

We can write this equation as:

or:

and thus is the solution:

##### Example 4

Solve:

We can write this equation as:

or:

No value of can satisfy this equation and thus the equation has no solution.

##### Example 5

Solve:

We can write this equation as:

or:

or:

Any value of satisfies this equation. This equation has an infinite number of solutions.